Integrated Community Case Management
Integrated Community Case Management (iCCM) extends case management of childhood illness beyond health facilities, giving more children access to lifesaving treatments within their communities. The iCCM package varies from country to country, but it commonly includes management of diarrhea, pneumonia, malaria (where the disease is endemic), and screening for malnutrition. In the iCCM model, community health workers are selected and trained to identify children in need of immediate referral, and to assess and treat children with uncomplicated pneumonia, diarrhea and malaria.
In an effort to support countries to adopt iCCM as a way to achieve their Ending Preventable Child and Maternal Deaths goals, global child health advocates and practitioners formed the iCCM Task Force. MCSP provides technical leadership to this consortium of multilateral and bilateral agencies, academics, nongovernmental organizations, and foundations. The group provides an essential forum in which members coordinate advocacy efforts, share existing tools, develop common technical resources, and use a common organizing framework for CCM implementation.
As Secretariat, MCSP provides the central management function, including overseeing membership, leading advocacy and marketing efforts, tracking the workplan, managing seven technical subgroups, and facilitating resource dissemination. Our responsibilities also include management of CCM Central, an online portal of iCCM technical resources that is increasing the visibility of iCCM and facilitating the sharing of standardized resources. (To expand accessibility of key CCM resources, part of the website is available in French.)
The Task Force has identified eight important benchmark components of successful iCCM programs:
- Coordination and policy setting;
- Costing and financing;
- Human resources;
- Supply chain management;
- Service delivery and referral;
- Communications and social mobilization;
- Supervision and performance quality assurance; and
- Monitoring, evaluation and health information systems.