Thousands of women and adolescent girls die every year from pregnancy and childbirth-related complications, and the majority of these deaths occur in low- and middle-income countries. Most of these maternal deaths can be prevented through expanded access to quality antenatal care (ANC) for pregnant women and adolescent girls. Pregnancy is a critical window for optimizing healthy outcomes for mothers and newborns through the provision of high-quality ANC.
In 2016, WHO released Recommendations on Antenatal Care for a Positive Pregnancy Experience. The goal of the WHO 2016 ANC recommendations is to improve utilization and quality of routine ANC care within the context of person-centered health and well-being as part of a broader, rights-based approach.
In collaboration with the WHO and other stakeholders, MCSP developed a series of briefs and resources summarizing the WHO ANC recommendations and exploring policy and program implementation considerations. These materials include:
- Joint WHO and MCSP overview brief summarizing the WHO ANC recommendations and policy and implementation considerations
- Joint WHO and MCSP brief on the WHO ANC ultrasound recommendation specifically
- Joint WHO and MCSP brief on ANC nutrition recommendations.
- WHO, MCSP, PMI and Roll Back Malaria MiP Working Group brief and resources on malaria in pregnancy in the context of the WHO ANC recommendations.
- MCSP brief on operationalizing maternal nutrition programming in the context of the WHO ANC recommendations
- MCSP Brief on family planning during ANC.
- MCSP powerpoint summarizing 2016 WHO ANC recommendations and highlighting policy and program impementation considerations
In addition, MCSP has developed complementary resources and tools to help policy makers, program implementers, and clinicians design and deliver high-quality ANC. These include a tool on ANC interventions and indicators that provides up-to-date, succinct guidance on high-impact ANC interventions (for routine and complications care) tailored to gestational age and on related ANC quality of care (content) measures to monitor and guide effective ANC programming.
Links to the ANC-related briefs and other resources to help program implementers strengthen the quality of ANC are below:
MCSP ANC resources:
- Developed in collaboration with the WHO, the overview brief summarizes and presents highlights of the 2016 WHO ANC recommendations: WHO Recommendations on Antenatal Care for a Positive Pregnancy Experience: Summary.
- ANC Technical Summary PowerPoint: A Positive Pregnancy Experience
- ANC interventions and indicators (coming soon)
WHO ANC ultrasound recommendation
Developed in collaboration with the WHO, the brief on ultrasound examination presents highlights of the WHO recommendation related specifically to routine antenatal ultrasound examination: WHO Recommendations on Antenatal Care for a Positive Pregnancy Experience: Ultrasound Examination.
This brief discusses the new WHO ANC recommendation on integration of counseling for post-partum family planning, which offer an opportunity to prioritize FP education and counseling during ANC: Leveraging Antenatal Care to Increase Uptake of Postpartum Family Planning: A Key Time for Counseling.
Malaria in Pregnancy (MiP)
MCSP, in collaboration with PMI and the Roll Back Malaria MiP Working Group, has developed a series of resources and tools to help policy makers, program implementers, and clinicians design and deliver high quality MIP interventions in the context of the 2016 WHO ANC recommendations: MiP resources. The MiP resources page includes an informative webinar recording in which WHO and MCSP representatives provide an overview of the WHO ANC recommendations and discuss the MIP recommendations in detail.
MCSP has produced a series of resources related to maternal nutrition, including prevention and treatment of anemia in pregnancy:
- Maternal Nutrition Programming in the context of the 2016 WHO Antenatal Care Guidelines: for a positive pregnancy experience
- Addressing Barriers to Maternal Nutrition: Evidence and Program Considerations
- Addressing Barriers to Maternal Nutrition in Low- and Middle-Income Countries: a Review of the Evidence and Programme Implications
- Controlling maternal anemia and malaria: ensuring pregnant women receive effective interventions to prevent malaria and anemia: what program managers and policymakers should know
- Integrated Anemia Prevention and Control Toolkit
MCSP has also developed resources to strengthen ANC services in regions with Zika virus (ZIKV) infection:
- Estimating Gestational Age and Counseling Antenatal Care Clients in the Context of Zika: Using the MCSP Zika Pregnancy Wheel
(The guidance on estimating gestational age using a pregnancy wheel is also applicable to areas without Zika virus infection.)
- Prevention of Zika Virus Infection: Key Points for Counseling Women of Reproductive Age